Business Management Branches: Here are 22 integrated management branches



Business management involves directing the operations of a company to meet its goals and objectives. Business management branches also involves managing the finances, people, and technology of a company to allow it to function and grow. 

Business managers often oversee the operations of a company, which includes hiring and firing, managing the finances, and making day-to-day decisions about the company. 

They often work closely with the CEO and other senior managers to ensure the company is operating effectively and making good decisions.

Business management branches

Business Management Branches

Specifically, the management of business units, which is the largest of the three branches of business management, comprises a wide range of activities, including strategic planning, financial planning, procurement, human resources management, legal and risk management, and other corporate functions. 

 Business management is the process of planning, organizing, strategizing, controlling, and directing a business enterprise. Organizational management involves the coordination of the business and its employees to carry out a set of goals and objectives. This management type is often concerned with running an organization effectively.

1. Financial management is an important aspect of business management

Financial management is the management of the financial affairs of a company. It focuses on the flow of money, balancing the books to make sure that funds are used effectively and efficiently.

The financial management of a business is the administrative process of the organization and its officials, involving budgeting, financial reporting, and other financial tasks. 

In general, the daily operations of the business are overseen by an executive manager, public accountant, or chief financial officer (CFO), who is responsible for overseeing the financial aspects of the organization and managing its treasury.

The financial management of a business involves its day-to-day operations and management of its finances. 

It involves the management of a business's finances, including the management of cash, financial assets, and liabilities. 

This includes the decisions made in the financial management of a business such as how much to pay employees, how much to invest in new equipment, and how to deal with the business's financial obligations. 

Plans and projections are also part of the financial management of a business, and the role of the financial manager is often strategic.

2. Business marketing management 

In this specialization, you will learn to formulate marketing plans that result in greater sales for your products and services. 

You will also learn how to use traditional advertising techniques as well as some new forms of digital advertising to communicate your message and achieve your marketing objectives. 

Marketing management is a major branch of successful business management

Marketing management is the process of planning, executing, and controlling the marketing programs that drive a business’s success. 

It is the process of planning, strategizing, and executing an integrated marketing program across all of a company’s media and communications, as well as internal and external sales channels. 

It is also a process that helps to connect your advertising, sales, marketing, and service processes so that you can measure the effectiveness of your efforts, and quickly understand what changes need to be made. 

This enables you to monitor and adjust your marketing activities to maximize results and minimize costs

3. Sales management of business 

The sales management branch of business management, under a general sales manager, is responsible for the sales of the company’s products. 

The sales management branch also has the responsibility of ensuring that the company’s sales goals are being met and that the goals are met on time.

In sales management, the term sales management branch of business management (or SMBBM) is used to describe the sales management organization of a company, excluding the marketing and advertising department.  

It exists to make the sales organization more efficient by providing them with goal setting and business planning support.  

Sales management organizations are part of the broader discipline of marketing, which also includes the marketing department and the advertising department.

4. Human resource management HR

The human resources management (HRM) branch of business management is concerned with the management of people.   

HRM professionals are primarily responsible for planning, staffing, directing, and controlling the human resources (HR) functions of an organization.   

They are also responsible for designing, developing, and implementing policies and procedures for employees, and for ensuring that they are observed and followed.   

HR Managers answer questions, solve problems, and provide support to employees related to employment, working conditions, and benefits.

Human resource management is the application of human resources management principles, processes, and practices to an organization's human resources. 

The main goal of HR management is to help an organization identify, select, and organize the best people for the job.

HR must be able to directly relate to the client. And it must be able to act as a liaison to corporate human resources, which might be another department, with the client as the proxy.

5. Strategic management of business 

The strategic management branch of business management focuses on the long-term goals and objectives of a company, and the actions needed to achieve those goals. 

This requires a broad understanding of the industry, the market, and the company as a whole. It also requires the ability to coordinate the activities of various departments and teams, and to make decisions when required. 

This is a critical skill for a manager, as it enables them to ensure that their team is aligned with the company's goals and that their decisions are both timely and appropriate.

The purpose of this assignment is to provide you with an introduction to the field of strategic management. It will provide you with an overview of the major subfields within the field, such as operations management, marketing, human resources, and so on. 

It will also help you understand the different types of strategic decisions managers have to make, such as those related to internal versus external focus, the role of the CEO, and the nature of the firm's culture.

6. Business production management 

The production management branch of business management is the department within a business that manages the process of producing its products or services in a manufacturing process, involving planning, purchasing, and management of material and labor resources in the process of creating finished goods or providing a service. 

The production management branch is often the component of the business that most easily observes and controls how materials and labor are used throughout the business. 

This branch often has multiple job titles, each with its responsibilities, and a clear chain of command.

The production management branch of the business management department is responsible for production cost control and scheduling of the department's activities, planning the logistics of sourcing, procuring, and distributing material and equipment to ensure that the department is meeting its production goals, coordinating strategic relationship with our suppliers, and ensuring that the business is operated efficiently and safely

7. Project management and program branches of business 

The Program and Project Management Branch of Business Management is responsible for ensuring that the goals of the organization are met daily. 

The program and project managers are responsible for managing the resources, timelines, and budgets of their programs and projects to ensure that the goals of the organization are met most efficiently and effectively. 

They are also responsible for ensuring that their programs and projects are aligned with the long-term goals of the organization, and can make decisions most ethically and objectively possible. 

They are often required to work closely with other branches of business management, such as Marketing and Sales, to ensure that the goals of the organization are met in the most effective manner possible.

This branch is responsible for the management of all aspects of the program and project management process, from the initial planning and management of the project to the final evaluation of its performance and the preparation of the formal report.

8. The knowledge management of business 

The knowledge management branch of business management is focused on the process of managing knowledge within an organization. 

The goal of knowledge management is to enable organizations to make the best use of their knowledge assets and to improve their performance through the use of knowledge management tools and techniques. 

The main objectives of the knowledge management branch of business management are to increase the value of the organization’s knowledge assets, to improve the performance of the organization, and to increase the capacity of the organization to learn. 

Knowledge management involves the management of information, which is the collection, organization, and sharing of knowledge within an organization, and the management of information technology, which is the application of technology to support the management of information within an organization

9. Businesses operations management 

Operations management is the branch of business management that focuses on the management of a company’s operations—the processes and procedures that keep a company running smoothly. 

Operations management involves everything from hiring and training employees to make decisions about which products to sell and which customers to serve. 

The operations manager is often the chief operating officer or the chief administrative officer of a company and is responsible for ensuring that all operations are running smoothly and efficiently. 

They are often responsible for ensuring that all departments within the company are operating at peak efficiency, and for making decisions about which departments to expand and which to shrink.

10. Service management is an important branch of business management 

Service management is responsible for overseeing and coordinating all service-related activities and internal and external communications of the business. 

This branch is also responsible for the coordination and management of the annual service delivery process and the ongoing planning and execution of maintenance and repair functions. 

Service management is vital to a successful service-delivery organization.

The service management branch is the main channel through which the customers of the company interact with the business.

it is responsible for providing leadership to the Service Management organization and ensuring that the Service Management organization is effectively managed.

11. A successful business relies on effective information technology management 

Information technology management is the strategic use of information technology to manage an organization's information assets. 

It is in the business of managing technology resources, which include people, processes, networks, and equipment. 

IT management also oversees the security of computer systems and the protection of the organization's information from loss, misuse, or unauthorized access.

Effective information technology management (ITM) is one of the most difficult management tasks. Yet, as the information technology industry has continued to mature, the importance of effective ITM has become increasingly significant.

12. Public relations management 

Public relations management is a rapidly evolving field and an important aspect of public relations for both small and large businesses alike. 

The goal of public relations management is to communicate the brand’s values to the public and to reinforce them through brand awareness.

The public relations management branch of business management is responsible for communicating the company’s message to various audiences.

 It plans, coordinates, and implements the company’s strategic communications plan and directs all written and oral communications about the company. 

This includes press releases, media relations including radio, print, television, and Internet, as well as social media, websites, blogs, email campaigns, advertisements, and publicity stunts.

13. Supply chain management section 

Supply chain management is at the intersection of logistics and supply chain management. Logistics is all about optimizing the movement of goods through the supply chain.

Supply chain management aims to ensure that goods get to their destination on time, and remain safe and sound during the journey.

Supply chain management logistics is different from logistics. Although both are important, they differ.

Supply chain management is one of the most important functions of business management. Supply chain management involves planning, managing, and controlling the movement of products and materials from raw materials to finished products at a global level. 

It ensures that products are safe, of high quality, and have the appropriate freshness and availability, thereby improving supplier relationships and better satisfy customers.

Supply Chain Management is the systematic application of supply chain strategies to increase the stock of a product while also reducing costs, waste, and inventory.

14. Business Procurement management

Procurement management is an integral part of business management that’s often overlooked. It’s responsible for acting as the central point of procurement and ensuring the procurement process runs smoothly and effectively.

 However, the procurement process is only effective if procurement managers have the tools to help them manage it, which can include, among other things, enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems.

procurement departments have long been at the center of the procurement process. However, in today’s business landscape, the procurement department’s role has dramatically shifted from the traditional procurement of goods and services to the procurement of intangible goods and services and the management of supplier relationships.

Procurement can be defined as the acquisition of what a company needs to fulfill its strategic goals and provide value to its stakeholders. 

Procurement managers play a crucial role in ensuring that the company obtains its products at the best possible price while meeting its strategic objectives.

15. Research and development management

This section of business management is focused on researching and developing new products.  Activities include researching to develop new products, identifying and executing opportunities, defining requirements, creating schedules, and managing budgets.  

The research and development branch is focused on design.  It involves creating and editing sketches to communicate the design concepts and then refining them into a design where the overall look and feel communicate the desired message.

This section is focused on coming up with business plans, creating marketing materials, and managing the budget for the company.

In the very early stages of designing a new product, the graphic designer must conduct detailed research into the product.  

This section consists of the following activities: researching and developing new products, identifying and executing opportunities, defining requirements, creating schedules, and managing budgets.

16. Engineering management is business management's kinetic arm

Engineering management is a specialized field of management concerned with the development, coordination, and control of the processes by which a company or other organization creates value for its customers. 

The ultimate purpose of engineering management is to create value for the customer.

The major aim of engineering management is to design and build a system that achieves its goals, and then to protect that system from failure, protect the personnel from harm and protect the public from any unnecessary risks.

Engineering management takes two main forms: product management and operations management. Operations management deals with production, shipping, and transportation, while product management deals with ideas, product ideas, and making decisions about what a product should look like and how it should perform. 

The two are not mutually exclusive and may be combined as operations-oriented product management and engineering management, or they may be kept separate.

17. Design management of business 

The design management branch of business management has the responsibility to create the business strategy, determine what the objectives are, and plan how to achieve those objectives. 

It is also responsible for the design of overall business strategies, products, and services from start to finish. The design management branch of business management is also responsible for the physical and visual design of the products and services.

The design management branch has three branches, namely, the creative design branch, the product development branch, and the research branch. 

The creative design branch is in charge of the design of the product. The product development branch is in charge of the design and development of the product and the research branch is in charge of scientific research.

The creative design branch of design management is responsible for the design of products and services as well as the design of the customer experience throughout the product life cycle. 

Although design management is sometimes associated with graphic design, the role of a design manager is much broader. 

Design management is also concerned with the design of the user interface, including buttons, icons, and other controls that enable a user to interact with technology to accomplish a task.

18. Quality management is the core of business management

Quality is the process of achieving the goals of the organization through a coordinated effort across the enterprise, ensuring that the product is of the highest quality. 

High-quality products and services improve customer satisfaction, increase revenues, retain customers, and foster loyalty.

Understanding the different types of quality is key to improving the quality of your products and services. 

At the core of quality is the idea of ensuring that a product or service meets the needs of the organization's stakeholders. 

This can be measured in several ways, including the number of defects per unit, the amount of time required to fix a defect, and the cost to fix a defect. 

When you focus on improving the quality of your products and services, you're better able to meet the needs of your customers and retain them as customers.

19. Risk management of business 

Risk management includes the assessment, analysis, and control of risks related to a company, its people, products and services, and the environment.  

In its simplest form, risk management refers to the process of identifying and managing risks, but it is typically made up of a set of activities that are performed to identify, assess, and manage the risk of loss to the company or its shareholders.  

Risk management also includes the identification, assessment, and control of legal, reputational, and brand risks and the protection of intellectual property.  

According to the Business Risk Management Handbook:

The Risk Management Department has primary responsibility for the supervision, coordination, and control of the financial

20. Change management branch

Change management includes reviewing, planning, implementing, monitoring, and controlling the change management process. 

It includes thinking about how to reduce the issues of change management as much as possible and how to manage those issues when they arise. 

Also includes developing a stakeholder relationship and consulting on change management deployment throughout an organization.

21. Business Innovation Management

As companies transform and evolve, innovation management is having a wider impact and having a more significant impact on the successful organization.

 As the pace and complexity of change increase, innovation leaders must become more adept at building new capabilities to help them become more innovative, adaptive to change, and resilient.

 In a rapidly changing world, Business organizations must become more innovative to remain competitive and grow. 

To do this, they need to build new capabilities that will help them become more innovative, adapt to change, and become more resilient when things go wrong. 

This iteration of the Entrepreneurial Journey is an example of how to build these capabilities.

22. Business facilities management 

The facility management section of a business is often responsible for overseeing the day-to-day issues of a company's physical assets, such as its real estate and equipment. 

It also handles the day-to-day operations of the company's buildings, which are critical to its success, safety, and prestige. 

This includes the day-to-day maintenance of the building and grounds, the hiring and managing of maintenance workers, keeping the building safe and secure, and ensuring that it is ready in case the building is needed for an emergency.